The Christian Year

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Church year , annual cycle of seasons and days observed in the Christian churches in commemoration of the life, death, and Resurrection of Jesus Christ and of his virtues as exhibited in the lives of the saints.

The Services Of The Christian Year

The church year has deep roots in the primitive human impulse to mark certain times with sacral significance and ritual observance. These are times when conscious attention is given to the mysterious forces that surround and involve all living creatures in the natural and inexorable cycles of light and darkness; labour and rest; birth, growth, decay, and death.

Two interrelated cycles have had primary importance in the shaping of religious calendars.

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One is cosmic: the phases of the moon and the solar equinoxes and solstices. The other is the periodic succession of the seasons of nature that determines times of sowing and reaping. Both cycles speak to the mystery of birth, death, and rebirth and to human dependence upon the fecundity of life given in the natural creation. The Jewish religious year , grounded in the divinely revealed Law of the Old Testament , was the foundation for the church year of Christians. It is a lunar-month calendar stemming from the primitive nomadic life of the Hebrews, with its chief festival at the first full moon of spring, known later as the Passover.

Of uncertain origin, but prior to the monarchical period 11th to 6th century bc , the Hebrews observed a seven-day week, of which the last day, or sabbath , was a holiday and day of rest. Whatever its original purpose, it became transformed into a sacral day, consecrated to Yahweh, the one God of the Hebrews, and increasingly surrounded with restrictions upon all activity other than worship.

At first, the sabbath was related to the Exodus, the deliverance of the Hebrews from Egypt in the 13th century bc Deuteronomy , and, later, to the repose of God at the completion of the Creation Exodus —11; Genesis —3. The three agricultural feasts became a sequence of remembrances of the Exodus from Egypt and the pilgrimage through the wilderness to the promised land Exodus —20; Leviticus 23; Deuteronomy — Through these annual celebrations the devout Jew relived the saving events of the past and anticipated the final deliverance of the people of God in the age to come.

In his earthly life Jesus was subject to the law of sabbath, feast, and fast prescribed in the Old Testament, but his ministry and teaching pointed to a new age, the coming kingdom of God, when the Law would be fulfilled. He was, therefore, not so much concerned with outward conformity to legal regulations as he was with the spirit in which they were observed. It was in the context of a celebration of the Passover feast with his disciples that he was arrested, tried, and put to death.

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By this event the Law was fulfilled. Though many of his disciples continued to observe the special times and seasons of the Jewish Law , new converts broke with the custom because they regarded it as no longer needful or necessary. George's Day.

Thu May 30 , Ascension of Jesus. Sun Jun 09 , Sat Jun 15 , Saint Vladimir.

Christian calendar for 2012

Sun Jun 16 , Trinity Sunday. Thu Jun 20 , Corpus Christi. Sat Jun 29 , Saints Peter and Paul. Thu Jul 25 , James the Great Day. Thu Aug 01 , Thu Aug 15 , The Assumption of Mary. Sat Sep 14 , Holy Cross Day. Sun Sep 29 , Michael and All Angels.

Thu Oct 31 , Fri Nov 01 , All Saints' Day. Sat Nov 02 , All Souls' Day.

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Sat Nov 23 , Thanksgiving USA. Tue Nov 26 , Christ the King. Sat Nov 30 , Andrew's Day. Sun Dec 01 , Advent - first Sunday. Fri Dec 06 , Nicholas Day. Tue Dec 24 ,